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« on: March 26, 2005, 10:36:58 AM »

Skulls of the Mother Goddess
by Vittorio Di Cesare and Adriano Forgione      
(HERA magazine, Rome, Italy)

In the megalithic temple of Hal Saflieni, in Malta, men with extraordinary cranial volume were buried. These skulls seem to belong to a strange human stock and if properly analyzed, could create an ideal link between the ancient Mesopotamian and Egyptian cultures and a race of sacerdotal men identified with the snake.

We are back from a visit in Malta among the suite of Maurizia Giusti, alias Syusy Blady and the crew of her Italian national TV show, "Tourists by Chance". Together, we followed the traces of an ancient story that originated from the presence of megalithic temples dedicated to the Mother Goddess on the island, a thaumaturgic figure, adored in pre-historical times of this island that was to become an important cult center. The coverage gave us the possibility to try to resolve a mystery of interesting implications. It was known that until 1985 a number of skulls, found in pre-historic Maltese temples at Taxien, Ggantja and Hal Saflienti, were exposed in the Archeological Museum of the Valletta. But since a few years ago, these were removed and placed in the deposits.

From then, they were not to be seen by the public. Only the photographs taken by the Maltese researcher Dr. Anton Mifsud and his colleague, Dr. Charles Savona Ventura, remained to testify the existence of the skulls and prove?their abnormality. Books written by the two Maltese doctors, who since our first day in Malta helpfully provided us the necessary documentation for our research, illustrate a collection of skulls that show peculiar abnormalities and/or pathologies. Sometimes inexistent cranial knitting lines, abnormally developed temporal partitions, drilled and swollen occiputs as following recovered traumas, but above all, a strange, lengthened skull, bigger and more peculiar than the others, lacking of the median knitting. The presence of this finding leads to a number of possible hypotheses. The similitude with other similar skulls, from Egypt to South America, the particular deformity, unique in the panorama of medical pathology referred to such distant times, (we are talking about approximately 3000 BC) could be an exceptional discovery. Was that skull a result ancient genetic mutation between different races that lived on that island?

The dolichocephalous skulls

 A request to the museum's management by the show's producers to see and film the exhibits would have certainly failed if it weren't for the intercession of the minister of tourism, Michael Refalo, whom we met at the end of a press conference hosted by Maurizia Giusti (and of course, us of HERA) organized by Dr. Robert Zammit, of the Maltese Provincial Tourism Board. The minister, whose interest in the matter we enhanced, accompanied us personally to the nearby museum, snatching the director's permission to bring out those mysterious craniums, conserved far from the sight of curious onlookers and researchers since about 15 years. A couple of days later, in fact, guided by the museum's authorities, we were received in a reserved area, closed to public, where the extraordinary exhibits were brought, before our eyes, under the supervision and gentle accessibility of the museum's archeologist, Mark Anthony Mifsud, almost homonymous of the previous researcher.

The skulls were all found in the Hal Saflienti hypogeum, where a sacred well was dedicated to the Mother Goddess and where also the small statue of a sleeping goddess was found, associated to a relic with a snake inscription on it. The skulls were brought out of their box one at a time. Among these, all very interesting, was the one we were looking for. The cranium showed a very pronounced dolichocephalous, in other words, a lengthened posterior part of the skullcap, besides the lack of median knitting, technically named "sagitta". This last detail has been considered "impossible" by medics and anatomists to whom we turned, not having (as far as known) analogous pathological cases in international medical literature. It is a characteristic that emphasizes the anomaly of this finding with the result of producing a natural lengthening of the cranium in the occipital area (not due to bandaging or boards as used in pre-Colombian civilizations). We believe that the discovery of this skull and the like at Hal Saflienti isn't accidental.

The priests of the goddess

 Malta and Gozo were very important centers since pre-historic times, places where "medical cures" were conducted, oracles and ritual encounters with the priests of the goddess. There, on both the islands, existed many sanctuaries and thaumaturgic centers, where priests surrounded the healing goddess, direct expression of her divinity. It is well known that, in antiquity, the serpent was associated to the goddess and to healing capacities. The snake also belongs to the subterranean world. Therefore, a hypogeum dedicated to the goddess and the water cult was the right place for a sacerdotal group that was defined, in all the most ancient cultures, as the "serpent priests".

Perhaps the skulls found in the hypogeum and examined during our visit to Malta, belonged indeed to these priests. As mentioned before, they present an accentuated dolichocephalous, which is particularly the center of our analysis. The long head and drawn features must have given a serpent-like appearance, stretching the eyes and skin. Lacking the lower part of the exhibit, we can only speculate, but the hypothesis can't be far from reality, a reality worsened buy the fact that such deformities certainly created walking problems, forcing him?to slither! The lack of the cranium's median knitting and therefore, the impossibility of the brain's consistent, radial expansion in the skullcap, did so that it developed in the occipital zone of the cerebellum, deforming the cranium that looked like a single cap from the frontal and occipital area. This must have certainly caused the man terrible agony since infancy, but probably enhanced visions that were considered as being proof of a bond with the goddess.

Another race
Even the other skulls we examined presented strange anomalies. Some were more natural and harmonic than the cranium that mostly gained our attention, but they still presented a pronounced natural dolichocephalous and we could assume, without fear of refutation, that it is distinctive of an actual race, different to the native populations of Malta and Gozo. This consideration was confirmed by the Maltese archeologists themselves, Anthony Buonanno and Mark Anthony Mifsud, who said:

   "They are another race although C-14 or DNA exams haven't yet been performed. Perhaps these individuals originated from Sicily".

 We shall discuss this detail further on. Meanwhile, it's worth the while to emphasize that one of these skulls showed unequivocal signs of surgical intervention in the occipital area. The outlines of three small holes, made in the occipital bone called inion, had time to cicatrize, therefore the patient survived the operation although such intervention surely would have undermined his motorial faculties. But there is more. A fair part of the 7000 skeletons dug out of the Hal Saflienti hypogeum and examined by Themistocles Zammit in 1921, present artificially performed deformations.

A skeleton of the group that was unburied by the archeologist, Brochtorff Circle, shows clear signs of intentional deformation through bondage. These deformations occurred for various reasons: initiations, matrimonies, solar rituals or punishments for social crimes or transgressions. All the tribal apparatus of incisions, perforations, partial or total removals, cauterizations, abrasions, insertions of extraneous bodies in muscles, like the modification of bodies for magical, medical or cosmetic purposes, were part of cruel practices in such, but "with best intentions" for the community.

Why such persistence in tormenting one's own body? Was there any connection between the tribal rituals and the men of the lengthened cranium? Could it be possible that, as in other cultures, successive populations tended to deform their infant's heads in order to make them similar to this race of "serpent priests"? In Malta, all this was practiced by a mysterious populace that erected gigantic temples to the Mother Goddess between 4100 and 2500 B.C. The presence of these skulls might be that of the last exponents of the most ancient sacerdotal caste that built the megalithic temples and, never having blended with the local populations, had continued reproducing through the millenniums within familiar unions (as was the usual practice among the elite) and consequently impoverished its genetic patrimony until inevitable pathologies manifested, finally disappearing.

The origins

  The skulls we examined are dated 2500 B.C. (but may be even older) a date in which Malta's megalithic history ends, initiating a period of historical darkness and absence of population that will last about 300 years, until the arrival of the Phoenicians. These will begin to make Malta their Mediterranean outpost. The Phoenicians will also erect temples to the Mother Goddess in Malta, calling her Astarte, the snake-faced Goddess. Again we find the representation of a Goddess who is associated with the snake and healing powers, almost as if the Phoenicians wanted to continue an interrupted tradition. But it's the date of 2500 B.C. that presents a fundamental key of interpretation for understanding who these long-headed individuals were and to use it we must move from Malta to nearby Egypt.

Professor Walter B. Emery (1903-1971), the famous Egyptologist, author of "Archaic Egypt", who excavated at Saqqara in the 30's, indeed discovered the remains of individuals who lived in pre-dynastic epoch. These presented a dolichocephalous skull, larger than that of the local ethnic group, fair hair and a taller, heavier build. Emery declared that this stock wasn't indigenous to Egypt but had performed an important sacerdotal and governmental role in this country. This race kept its distance from the common people, blending only with the aristocratic classes and the scholar associated them with the Shemsu Hor, the "disciples of Horus".

The Shemsu Hor are recognized as the dominant sacerdotal caste in pre-dynastic Egypt (until approximately 3000 B.C.), being mentioned in the Turin papyrus and the list of the kings of Abydos. It's interesting to note that Emery writes:

   "Towards the end of the IV millennium B.C. the people known as the Disciples of Horus appear as a highly dominant aristocracy that governed entire Egypt. The theory of the existence of this race is supported by the discovery in the pre-dynastic tombs, in the northern part of Higher Egypt, of the anatomical remains of individuals with bigger skulls and builds than the native population, with so much difference to exclude any hypothetical common racial strain. The fusion of the two races must have come about in ages that concurred, more or less, with the unification of the two Egyptian Kingdoms".

 Therefore, what occurred in Malta is also reflected in Egypt. It's noticeable that in Lower Egypt, the pharaoh's symbol is a bee named "Bit". It isn't coincidental that Malta's ancient name is "Melita", which derives from the Latin word for honey. Malta's symbol was also a bee and its hexagonal cells. Melita has its origin in "Mel" or "Mer" that in Ancient Egypt was the name attributed to the pyramids.

Besides, the English term, "honey" is strictly related to the original name of Helliopolis, which is "ON". It is an interesting correlation that in Egypt, the Shemsu Hor guaranteed the respect of a solar religion and even today in Malta the sun is called "Shem-shi". "Shem" is a word of "accadic" origin, not Egyptian, deriving from the Babylonian term for the sun, that is "Shamash". This proves that the Shemsu Hor came from the fertile half-moon area. An umpteenth correlation is the fact that this sacerdotal long-skulled caste disappeared in Egypt, as in Malta in the same period, which is between 3000 and 2500 B.C. Who writes is convinced, although, that a third nucleus was present in the Euphrates zone, becoming part of the Arian stock known as Mithans, who the Egyptians called "Naharin", "Those of the Snake" (from Nahash, snake). The Mithans, who occupied a part of the Kurdistan area, were Abraham's people, whose description is analogous to that of the Shemsu Hor made by Emery (fair hair and robust build). The "serpent priest" tradition originates in the Middle East, with its foremost center right in Kurdistan, where at about 5000 B.C. the matriarchal culture of Jarmo represented the mother goddesses as divinities with faces of vipers and lengthened heads.

These divinities will successively be associated to the "fallen angels" or Nephelims, that are most explicitly cited in the "Testament of Amran" in the Qumran scrolls in which is written:

   "One of them was of terrifying aspect, like a snake and his mantle was multicolored" and also "his face was that of a viper and he wore all his eyes".

 It concerns, in our opinion, not divinities in the strict sense, but individuals in sacerdotal or shaman expression, belonging to a highly developed and profoundly wise culture that had relationships with lesser-organized societies of the period. Its members were considered as "half-gods" for the knowledge they possessed, just like in Egypt with the Shemsu Hor. Analogous viper-faced statues of mother goddesses are found in the land of the Nile, dating back exactly from the archaic period of the Shemsu Hor. It can be therefore concluded that these serpent-priests were the most ancient race that first occupied the fertile half-moon area (particularly Anatolia and Kurdistan) and Egypt (following migrations dating back 6000-4000 B.C.) until reaching Malta to disappear around 2500 B.C. but this culture survived in the Middle East and probably included one of the most famous and yet mysterious pharaohs of Egypt. It concerns the Mithans and the pharaoh Akhenaton.


The reason why Akhenaton was linked to the Mithans will be the subject of a following article but the way he was portrayed in his statues and bas-reliefs (and with him, the whole royal family) is indeed that of an individual of lengthened head and human face but with serpent-likeness, characteristics found in the pre-dynastic Egyptian stock mentioned by Emery, besides being the exact representation of the features of the Nephelims and probably the long-skulled individuals of Malta. The craniums of the Amarnian dynasty statues and the Malta craniums result as being practically identical, a not so fortuitous fact, also proved by the X-rays of Tuthankamon's skull, Akhenaton's son, which showed a dolichocephalous cranium. Substantially, the Maltese craniums are the relics, archeologically still not understood; of a sacerdotal race that, in Egypt and Malta, from archaic ages, survived till 2500 B.C. It's the group that created the religious and spiritual sub-strata that characterized the greatest civilizations of the Old World, from long ago (600 B.C. or even earlier). This group continued in the Middle East and somehow returned in Egypt around 1351 B.C. giving birth, through the heretic pharaoh Akhenaton, to a religious reform that aimed to restore the ancient order. And if the hypothesis that this pharaoh was linked someway to the figure of Moses is accepted, then the rest is history.

Atlantis in Malta

  Malta is a platform, an elevation of the sea floor that has showed its want to immerse more than once. Thirty-five pre-historic temples distributed on the two major islands, Malta and Gozo and many others actually submerged by the sea, make one think of a catastrophe that must have happened here around 3000-2500 B.C., something that left its sign. Steep reefs falling vertically to the sea, contrarily to the more sloping northern shore, form the southern coast of Malta, the Dingli Cliffs. It's as if the island's major axis rotated around itself, submerging most of the coast that faces Sicily. Some local archeologists, including the already mentioned Dr.Anton Mifsud and Dr.Charles Savona Ventura, consider this cataclysm to be the real cause of the Atlantis legend's birth, the history of which would re-emerge from a number of relics of the island's mysterious megalithic past. The population that created extraordinary structures of giant stones, at a certain point of the island's history, just disappeared. Two-hundred-and-fifty years of darkness actually characterize the story of these people until the arrival of the new populations that successively occupied Malta.

What had determined such an immense catastrophe? Perhaps an earthquake or the subsiding of the calcareous platform on which Malta stands. However, we know from the Leningrad Papyrus, (a hieratic scroll dated 1115 B.C. conserved at the Hermitage museum) an Egyptian document composed around 2000 B.C., dating back to the XII dynasty, that a serpent populace was destroyed by a "star falling from the heavens". Only one survived on an island "destined to be completely submerged". What is this strange fable? Was it the record of a catastrophe that destroyed a particular Mediterranean region? The myth also connected the serpents to the figures of Mother Goddesses such as Tanit, Innanna, Isis and Eve. They are feminine divinities that carry the baton of a culture to which the snake brings wisdom, medical, scientific and esoteric knowledge. But a doubt arises: couldn't these serpents rather be human beings of strange physical form, perhaps even a handicap? Mythology is full of weird beings that often seem more likely clinical cases than true divinities. For example, Cecrops, the mythical founder and first king of Athens, according to tradition, was born from the soil and his appearance was half human and half serpent.

According to others, he came to Attica from Egypt and built the Acropolis, diffusing the cult of Zeus and Athena. Pythia (or Python) was a priestess of Delphi, taken by Apollo, who pronounced oracles. She took her name from Python the snake, killed by Apollo and believed to be buried under her temple. The woman enunciated the verdicts sitting on a sacred tripod set on the mouth of a natural gorge, from which vapors exhaled and communicated them to an assistant priest (said prophet), whom in turn transmitted them to the postulant. But let's go back to Malta. Even Saint Paul shipwrecked in the Maltese bay that still bears his name, dealing with a snake that bit his foot. In reality, in the days of Saint Paul, the first century A.D., these animals didn't exist in Malta. So it's strange that such a reptile bit indeed this Holy man. This legend may well be interpreted in a different, simpler manner. The serpent was the last priest of the Great Goddess left on the island, whose thaumaturgic power was threatened by that of Paul, obliged to dismantle what was left of the last pagan bastion of the great Healing Goddess.


  • Anton and Simon Mifsud- Dossier Malta-      Evidence for the Magdalenian- Proprint Co, 1997
  • C. Savona Ventura- Anton Mifsud-      Prehistoric Medicine in Malta-      Proprint Co, 1999
  • Anton Mifsud - C. Savona Ventura-      Facets of Maltese Prehistory- Prehistoric society of Malta,      1999
  • Graham Hancock- Fingerprints of      the Gods- Corbaccio, 1996
  • David Rohl- Legend- Piemme, 2000
  • Andrew Collins- From the Ashes of      Angels- Sperling and Kupfer, 1997
  • Robert Eisenmann- Michael Wise-      The Dead Sea Scrolls Deception, Piemme,      1994
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« Reply #1 on: April 23, 2005, 11:29:13 AM »

Skulls from Inca, Peru and Merida, Mexico

These skulls were photographed by Robert Connolly on his trip around the world during which he was collecting materials about ancient civilizations. The discovery of unusual skulls was thus an unintended "spinoff" of his efforts. Robert Connolly published his photographs on a CD-ROM, titled "The Search For Ancient Wisdom", Cambrix, in 1995.

The data about the skulls is incomplete, and that makes the correct assessment of their age, context with other hominids, as well as placement of their origin extremely difficult. Some of the skulls are very distinct, as if they belong to entirely different species, remotely similar to genus Homo. The first thing that attracts attention is the size and shape of the cranium in all the specimens. There are 4 different groups represented in the pictures. As a matter of convenience, I labeled them "conehead", "jack-o-lantern" or "J" and "M" based on the shape of the skull, except the first and possibly earliest type of skull, which I call "premodern".

When some of these pictures (the first two) were posted on CompuServe more than year ago, the majority of people assumed that they represented an example of binding of the head, well known to be in fashion in ancient Nubia, Egypt and other cultures. The problem with this theory is that the inside of the cranium of the mentioned skulls, although elongated and with a back sloping, flattened forehead, have the same capacity as normal human skulls; the only difference is the shape achieved by frontal and side deformations. They are actually more similar to the first type of skull (premodern) with the rounded back, than the conehead type. The cone-shaped types of skull are not found amongst the usual skull-binding samples.

The first skull presents problems of its own. The frontal part of the skull seems to belong to an individual of the pre-Neanderthal family, but the lower jaw, though more robust than modern human type, has a modern shape and characteristics. The shape of the cranium does not have any comparison with the Erectus, Neanderthal types, nor the modern human type. Some minor Neanderthal characteristics are present, as is the occipital ridge on the bottom back of the skull and the flattened bottom of the cranium, other characteristics point more tovards Homo Erectus. The angle of the cranial bottom is, though, unusual. We cannot exclude the possibility of a deformed individual in this case, but it is highly unlikely that the angle of the frontal part would require a modification of the lower jaw in the process of growing to resemble modern human types with their projected chin rim. The answer seems to be that the skull belongs to a representantive of an unknown premodern human or humanoid type.

As is obvious from the comparison with a modern human skull, the cranial capacity lies within the modern human range. This is not surprising, since the late Neanderthals and early modern humans (Cro-Magnon) had larger cranial capacities (both roughly 1600 ccm to 1750 ccm) than modern humans (av. 1450 ccm). The decrease of the cranial capacity (sudden at that -- the specimens of modern humans after about 10500 BCE have smaller craniums) is a puzzling matter, but that's another story.

No less puzzling is what a representative of a premodern human type is doing on the South American continent. According to the orthodox anthropology, this skull simply does not exist, because it cannot be. Textbooks' oldest date of appearance of humans in North America is about 35000 BCE and much later for South America, based on the diffusion theory assumptions. The only accepted human types entering the continent are of the modern anatomy. There are some other sources that place all types of human genus in both Americas at much earlier dates based on numerous anomalous finds, but the academe sticks to its preconceived notions, no matter what. It's safer.


The "premodern" skull and the following three specimens were found in the Paracas region of Peru. It does not necessarily mean that they are related. There is some possibility that the "premodern" is in fact a precursor of the "conehead" type, but since we do not have any dating analysis at hand, we may only speculate in this regard.

The "conehead" type is very unusual because of the cranial shape. Here we have three specimens, which exclude the possibility of random or artificial deformation (the already mentioned Nubian deformations had quite a number of individual variations). They have individual characteristics within the range of overall morphology. There is no doubt that they are closely related and possibly represent quite a distinct branch of the genus Homo, if not an entirely different species.

The comparison of the C1 with a modern human skull has slight inaccuracies, caused by a degree of distortion when rotating the skull shape into position. As is obvious from C2 and C3, the angle of the bottom part of the cranium does not deviate from normal. However, the general proportions are correct.

Figure C1

[/color]The enormity of the cranial vault is obvious from all three pictures. By interpolation, we can estimate the minimum cranial capacity at 2200 ccm, but the value can be as high as 2500 ccm. The shape of the skull may be a biological response--a survival of the species mechanism--to increase the brain mass without the danger of relegating the species to extinction and keeping a viable biological reproduction intact. However, since we do not see the representatives of the "conehead" type in modern population, something prevented the type becoming as widespread as it is in the case of present-day moderns.

Figure C2

Figure C3

[/color]The "J" type of skull presents different sets of problems. It is an equivalent of the modern type of skull in all respects, with only several factors out of proportion. Less significant is the size of eye sockets which are about 15% larger than in modern populations. More significant is the enormity of the cranial vault. The estimated cranial capacity ranges between minimum of 2600 ccm to 3200 ccm.

Again, the age of the specimen is unknown and so far I am not aware of other specimens of this type. The variation on a theme may be the "M" type of skull which is even more bizarre than all the previous skulls.

Type "J"

[/color]The "M" type of skull is incomplete, as the lower part of the facial area is concerned. What is apparent from the remnants of the facial portion is that the characteristics are entirely within the range of a normal human skull. The cranial vault, on the other hand, is the largest amongst the displayed specimens. Also, the two protruding "lobes" are highly anomalous. The cranial capacity can be estimated safely above 3000 ccm mark.

Type "M"

Both "J" and "M" types are bordering on biological impossibility. The only explanation I can imagine for the specimens to be naturally born is if the neoteny (the ability of the species to prolong the growth period before maturing) of both groups had been expanded beyond the range for a modern type of human, for the skull to grow to such a size. That may also mean the average life span of these specimens may have been substantially longer than the average for the modern human type.

Any conjectures that what these specimens represent are simply deformations or pathological cases can be hardly substantiated. Anomalous types of growth or shapes appear from time to time in the modern human population, however, these occurences are still within the range of the given species.The largest skull documented in the medical literature had the cranial capacity of 1980 ccm, however, the shape of the skull was normal. Also, it is necessary to keep in mind that any pathological growth of the cranium has dire consequences for the afflicted individual at the early stage of the development, practically without exception. Nature is very unforgiving in this respect. All the specimens presented here were mature individuals.

The capacity of the cranial vault (and thus the brain mass) and intelligence is not necessarily indicated by the other. The individual with the largest skull, already mentioned above, was a retarded man, while Anatole France with his 1100 ccm was quite a brilliant writer.

This figurine was found at Al Ubamd archeological site in Iraq. It belongs to a such called Ubamd period, dating 5900-4000 BCE, which predates the Sumerian culture. There is no explanation for the figurine intriguing shape, the statuette is labeled "a ritual object", as it common in the archeological circles when uncertain what a particular object represents. The object seem to express a humanoid head enclosed in a headgear which may be best characterized as a helmet. The strange shape may be explained by a high degree of stylization, which seem to be missing in other finds from the Ubamd period, or the artist was trying to shape into the clay something known quite well. In the light of discoveries of "conehead" type of humanoid skulls, we may speculate that the artifact was, in fact, expressing a likeness of one of these beings with their headgear on.

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« Reply #2 on: April 23, 2005, 11:35:27 AM »

The Dolichocephaloids
Missing Race Of Our Human Family
by Randy Koppang[/color][/size][/font]


Evidence outlined below indicates a distinct "race" of people becoming extinct during our Christian era. The "link" this race may represent is not to a pre-human evolutionary lineage, but rather an antediluvian cycle of civilization.
The genetic trait distinguishing them was their anomalously-dolichocephalic heads; i.e., remarkably elongated. A full understanding who they were is not clear. Yet, in recent years a few researchers have re-discovered the wealth of facts known about their existence. More definitive information and correlations about these people is offered here.
From Museo De National. Lima, PeruIn academic terms, the logical context for these facts is the dogmatic quest for our evolutionary "missing link" with biological origins. However, the word academic, in one sense, is defined as "theoretical rather than practical." Thus, the premise here is, academic authorizations re. Homo sapiens skeletons are still entirely theoretical. Whereas, it is just as valid, and more practical to evaluate origins via anomalous physical evidence of a people who may not fit into evolutionary preconceptions. The quantity of this evidence is substantial, not dubiously rare.
Doubting "evolution" is heretical, of course. Moods of consternation are provoked among elite academicians when amateurs revise history. All the more reason for culture jammers everywhere to reconnect histories we thought we knew with forbidden facts censored by omission. There are plenty of facts "disappeared" from public knowledge in this way. And if histories were retrofitted with such omissions - transcendent, alternative perceptions of humanity may accrue ...
The Facts
My introduction to this issue was due to research by David Hatcher Childress,1 Adriano Forgione2 and Andrew Collins.3 Taking their publication references to a major research university, I found much more can now be said about the people in question; a "people" distributed around the archaic world.
D.H. Childress humorously calls them "coneheads." This accurately depicts the cranial trait so distinctly differentiating these people. And although conehead is an endearing sobriquet from Saturday Night Live - this mystery group is in no way fictional! Meaning, in the skeptical sense, perhaps the elongated heads were misshapen due to "deformity." In fact, the recurring explanation for the oddly shaped heads, by archeologists, attributes it to deformity. Such an explanation is presumed due to cultural clues. E.G., there are numerous New and Old World tribes with traditions of self-inflicted head molding. Skull elongation can be done by infant head-binding, pressuring skull bones to grow into shape. But revised evidence indicates cosmetic deformity is an artifact of a more complex set of influences.
Another skeptical explanation for distended heads is possibly disease. The osteopathic term dolichocephaly (long cranium), is used to describe symptoms. A disorder called Marfan's Syndrome is one where resulting symptoms include elongated, deformed body parts. This is caused by congenital traits, and possibly cystathionine synthase protein deficiency.
Clearly, the contribution here is: to affirm the reality of genetically natural, but unusual dolichocephaly, now extinct. Yet, as stated, there are native cultural traditions of head-binding for elongation. We will return to this and other cultural questions later ...
The Best Evidence
Evidence validating the existence of a natural but pronounced dolichocephalic race is a book titled Peruvian Antiquities. First published in 1851, this comprehensive study was co-authored by Mariano E. Rivero and John James Von Tschudi, M.D.
Dr. Von Tschudi was a "doctor in philosophy, medicine and surgery, etc., etc., and a member of various societies of medicine" - credentials being crucial to what Dr. Tschudi reports: "The singular conformation of the Peruvian crania" found in what appeared to be two of the "three distinct races (who) dwelt there before the foundation of the kingdom of the Incas."
Anticipating comparable discoveries in Iraq 100 years later, Dr. Tschudi's book is a revelation. And at the beginning of his chapter two, a disclaimer re. biases is made: " historian ... is under a strict obligation not to permit himself to be carried away by any prejudice, to make a wise and impartial use of his materials, to seek sincerely for the truth, and when found, to admit it without hesitation, even though it may tend to dissipate opinions entertained from infancy and sanctioned by universal reception." Dr. Tschudi, indeed, met his obligation as a scientist, here!
The paradox in Tschudi's anthropology was that he thought he contradicted the first chapters of Genesis. Today, correlations of his work to later discoveries actually contradict "evolution." What the dolichocephalic-racial evidence suggests is an antediluvian source for this variety of racial diversity. Indicating this origin is their general scarcity in numbers, plus their consistent priestly station, associated with both New and Old World settings for their disinterment. And, more importantly, the association or access this race had with pre-existent knowledge for many forms of high-Peruvian civilization. On purely biological terms - the cranial details, as Tschudi recognized them, feature "an anomalous characteristic of ruminant and carnivorous animals," not pre-human primates!?
The three pre-Incan "nations or races" Tschudi names are the Chinchas, Aymaraes, and Huancas. With osteopathic precision, Dr. Tschudi illustrated clear structural differences between these three "nations"; each one comprised of sub-tribes. Obvious differences were based on "numerous and scrupulously careful observations of Dr. J.J. Von Tschudi, who from his long residence in Peru, had it in his power to examine hundreds of crania of the ancient inhabitants of that country."
Skulls of the Chinchas were what we would call normally human. The other two "races" were remarkably unlike the Chinchas. The Huancas had the most pronounced dolichocephalic traits. And it was this people, about which, Tschudi had the least amount of historical data. The Aymaraes "commenced the dynasty of the Incas." Of the Aymaraes, Tschudi said, "The crania of these people present differences equally remarkable ... and particularly the contour of the cranium." Keeping in mind that Inca is a term venerating the emperors of Peru, not a tribe/nation per s? - the Aymaraes conquered the other two peoples and marshaled the unity of Inca civilization. Not unlike requisite unification of early Upper/Lower Egypt. Similarly, this unity ultimately led to racial mixing. However, similar skull formations does suggest the Aymaraes and Huancas were genetically linked already, perhaps.
In any case, Dr. Tschudi condensed these discoveries into two questions, as crucial to human origins today as they were in 1851:
1. "What was the cranial configuration of the ... real Indians?
2. Can there be found anywhere, now existing, the races above named, pure and without any mixture?"
In reverse order Tschudi answers these questions, after "the most scrupulous investigations on these points": (1) Yes. A few pure Indians did then exist. But, largely, the Peruvian natives "proceed from the union of the three races already described." (2) The crania shape of the earliest "real Indians" is the most important question. Why? - Because there was a controversy over the cause of the cranial peculiarities among physiologists in the 1840s! Peruvian "coneheads" were deemed "anomalous," but due to "exclusively artificial" head-binding: "It (was) notorious enough that such a practice did obtain among various ... New World peoples; and that it existed among the (Peruvian) Chinchas for the sake of producing distinctive marks in families; an abuse which was forbidden by an apostolic bull in the 16th century"(!) Interesting!
So - of the three "races" discussed, the non-dolicho-headed group, the Chinchas, artificially mimed the actual "conehead" peoples. But why? And inductive reasoning would suggest: additional New World tribes practicing head-binding were miming the true longheads as well?
The Aymaraes had what may be classified as intermediate dolichocephaly. The Huancas possessed the more distinct crania. To be sure, Dr. Tschudi offers, "... physiologists are undoubtedly in error, who suppose (dolichocephaly in) the Peruvian race (is) exclusively artificial. This hypothesis rests on insufficient grounds; its authors could have made their observations solely on the crania of adult(s) ... (however) two mummies of children (analyzed in England) ... belonged to the tribe Aymaraes. The two crania (both of children scarce a year old), had in all respects, the same form as those of adults. We ourselves have observed the same fact in many mummies of children of tender age ..."
"More still: the same formation of the head presents itself in children yet unborn; and of this truth we have had convincing proof in sight of a foetus enclosed in the womb of a mummy of a pregnant woman, ... which is, at this moment, in our collection."(!) The foetus was aged 7 months!

It is significant to note - Dr. Von Tschudi was very "scrupulous" both in his own study, and his peer reviewing others when determining that no confirmed skulls of the famed emperors themselves - the Incas - had ever been unearthed. Tschudi said, "the general opinion is that the Incas descended directly from Manco-capac. All traditions relate this person (being) distinguished from the natives by his physiogamy, and clear color of his complexion ... Our minute and recent investigations go to prove that the Incas do not derive their origin from (Manco-capac), but from a native family established in the royal dignity by the stranger reformer," Manco-capac. Thus, if nothing else, the dolichocephalic skulls, and various traditions representing the Incas contradict anthropological theories that the Americas were originally settled by only Asians. But Asians don't have anomalous dolichocephaly!? (e.g., the Clovis Point Theory.)

Peruvian Mummified Fetus, c. 1851
As an aside - the L.A. Times of 25 July 2003 validates the Gestalt of revisionism here: "New Archeological Dating Shakes Early American Migration Theory."

The article reports five most-ancient habitation sites of earliest Americans are up to "4000 years" older than a likely Siberian site they may have migrated from. Uski, Siberia, radiocarbon dated at 13,000 B.P., is where the first Americans theoretically originated. The journal Science featured this research, in which a co-author says, "We have to think bigger now and start thinking outside the box."
Likewise, mentioning the Inca Dynasty here emphasizes racial anomalies, distinguishing between Manco-capac's race and dolicho-headed descendent Incas. Native traditions describing Manco-capac and his relatives say this first Inca was non-Indian. Consistent with Dr. Tschudi's data is a more recently revisionist account of "thinking outside the box."
In America's Ancient Civilizations (1953), author A. Hyatt Verrill described the Incas as "fair skinned, tall ... and had red or brown hair." Verrill adds, "There is no question that they were of a different and in some ways more intelligent race." Whomever the first Inca was, he was not the first civilizer of Peru. Manco-capac was a reformer who rejuvenated a decadent civilization preceding his arrival. About the Peruvian region, Dr. Tschudi observed, "It is not to be questioned that there existed in Peru, previous to (Manco-capac), a certain degree of culture" ...
Forensic Mockups from Museo De National. Lima, Peru.
A.H. Verrill reiterates, "Beyond any doubt this first Inca found Cuzco an inhabited city, for ... there is abundant and incontrovertible evidence to prove that for many centuries before ... Manko-kapak, the Andean region had been occupied by a highly civilized race" (!?) Yes, but which race preceded Manco-capac? And if his own non-native race was not the preceding race, nor the Aymaraes, who Manco-capac may have ordained as his royal surrogates - well, all this makes Dr. Tschudi's anomalous dolichohead-race a lot more mysterious.
The Plot Thickens
[/font]The oldest pre-Incan city of this region is Tiahuanco, just over the Peruvian border in Bolivia. Re. the age of Tiahuanco - A.H. Verrill quotes archeo-astronomical computations by Prof. Arthur Posnansky.4 Posnansky and others calculated Tiahuanaco was at least the age of pre-dynastic Egypt. Verill also notes, "The extremely great age of (Tiahuanaco) ruins is proved by the discovery of human skulls (there) that have been completely fossilized," now in the La Paz Museum.
A.H. Verrill does not acknowledge the shape of Tiahuanaco skulls. But, in D.H. Childress' article on this topic, he features two good photos of "conehead" skulls recovered at Tiahuanaco. They are displayed in the Tiahuanaco Museum.
Remarkably, the greatest resource for these odd skulls is the Peruvian region. In a chapter titled "Mining For Mummies," Verrill exclaims how resourceful this region is: In Peru, "... most parts of ... the country is one vast cemetery."
"From Ecuador to Chile ... there is scarcely a square mile (not) filled with dead ... so vast was the number of dead buried in Peru that despite all that have been disinterred practically no impression has been made, and what is more, scientists are constantly finding mummies and remains of hitherto unknown races and cultures (!!). This genetic insight is internally consistent with Von Tschudi's anomalous dolicho-race conclusions. Verill independently confirms, 100 years later, Tschudi's possible claim of examining "hundreds" of ancient Peruvian crania.
Comprehensively, David H. Childress has presented numerous color photos of the many strangely dolichocephalic skulls5 exhibited in museums at Ica and Nazca, Peru; Tiahuanaco and La Paz, Bolivia; Mexico City.
Ironically, none of the skulls unearthed represent the royal Incas themselves. With "nearly six years" of on-site excavation experience, Verrill reported, "no one, as far as known, had ever found one of them ... Why no one had ever found a royal mummy was something of a mystery."
In A.H. Verrill's chapter on excavating Peru as one vast cemetery, not once did he allude to long-headed mummies specifically. His book was published in 1953. In 1954, however, a Peruvian book photographically illustrated just how common the longheads are in the region. This book is, "Las Trepanaciones Craneanas En El Per? En La Epoca pre-Hispanica." It was written, in Spanish, by two professors of medicine at the university in Lima, Peru.6 The subject of this treatise is the medical anthropology of ancient skull surgery: i.e., trepanning. By default, this book provides great affirmative insights into the populous commonality of pronounced dolichocephaly.
Using both photographs and x-ray imaging, Las Trepanaciones shoes how routinely trepanning was performed on the Dolicho-races, and others!? The chronological distribution of trepanning specimens discussed here spanned from about 1000 B.C. through 1532 AD. Quite an ancient epoch, for such a modern idea. Given postmodern preoccupations with the Human Genome Project - the above begs the question re. recessive dolichocephalic genes in Peruvians today. Genetic research in America shows humans have been there at least 20,000 years. But from where and how old are the dolicho-race?
Before pursuing Mesopotamian evidence, a few correlations about Mexican dolichocephaly. D.H. Childress extensively illustrates the invaluable media of Mesoamerican art forms for documenting the prominence of dolichoheaded peoples there. Frescoes, reliefs and finely carved sculptures call attention to the inter-cultural prominence of the phenomenon; notably in Mexico and Central America.
Childress presents a wealth of dolichocephalic iconography. These multicultural artifacts, however, seem simply stylistic novelties. They lack authoritative reality reference, affording their anatomical uniqueness. Anthropological writers minimize even head-binding as explaining such imagery.
The working hypothesis of Childress' overview is the same one prevailing in the 1840s: longheads are intentionally "deformed" via head-binding. And, yes cross-cultural head-binding - like Chinese foot binding - was somewhat common. Thus, how was the transoceanic/transnational "diffusion" of the practice achieved?

A problem, is presuming an ephemeral (mysterious) cosmetic value warrants wrenching an infant's head in a vice for many formative months. This is a bit lacking, for inspiring head-binding. Also, with hindsight, mere cosmetic head-binding doesn't seem to explain the apparent cross-cultural popularity the combined multi-cultural evidence will suggest.Fortunately, we have the professional assurances of an actual racial model for the custom, by Dr. J.J. Von Tschudi, M.D. He authoritatively reported that not only did he possess a mummified 7-month-old dolichocephalic fetus - "enclosed in the womb" - he also declared: "The same proof is to be found in another mummy which exists in the museum of Lima, under the direciton of Don M.E. Rivero," co-author of Tschudi's book! The question is - where are these fetal specimens today? Skeletal remains of an anomalous dolicho-race, offers a real possibility that exalted racial personages inspired head-binding. This makes sense!
With Tschudi's facts, the iconographic essence of dolichohead art actually becomes genetically symbolic. Once your discernment acclimates to the cranial contours of the skull evidence - the Mayan canon of imagery enlivens with practicality and physiological authenticity; not to mention reverential symbolism, as opposed to cosmetic contrivance. Now, there is an explanatory option with greater common sense; now, if dolichocephalic races were in Peru long before the Maya, they could have influenced Mesoamerican territory. Instead of skin color being a determining factor in racial diversity, perhaps in ancient times the quality or class of dolichocephaly was a factor?
An enigma in this regard involves the Olmec peoples of Mexico. D.H. Childress' article features an impressive set of jade figurines, all with striking dolichocephaly. These were attributed to the Olmec, most being found in the Olmec center of La Venta. If the figurines represent the Olmec "perceptions of self," they are an enigma. Because current Afro-centric historians insist the Olmecs were Africoid. This is plausible. The most monolithic of Olmec anthropomorphic sculptures are their 20-50 ton stone heads. And these heads do look negroid - but they are also irreconcilably round(!); not dolichocephalic, but bracheocephalic! Renowned Maya scholar Michael D. Coe - who excavated Olmec ruins for three seasons - says, the mega-heads are "portraits of their rulers." This may be, but Olmec people were proto-Mayan, going back to 1200 B.C.. If Olmec jade figurines reflect their genetic or mimetic heritage - where else can we find the longheads inspiring Olmec artificial dolichocephaly; certainly not their rulers?!
Old World Discoveries
Italian writer Adriano Forgione has provided a great service by investigating Mediterranean dolichocephaly.7 Evidence Forgione revived derives from archeology in Malta. Preliminary racial estimations, here secured by Forgione, are second only to the same observed in Peru. I.e., conclusions of Peruvian/New World racial implications by Dr. Von Tschudi.
Discoveries in Maltese temple-tombs at Taxien, Ggantja and Hal Saflieni pose challenges to evolutionary reasoning of "racial" diffusion. The confutation is every bit as penetrating as those demanded by Peruvian data. The pattern of a global dolicho-race presence, itself, seems to be yet another dolichocephalous anomaly. And culturally, the "oldest city in the Americas," is "a massive 4,600-year-old urban center called Caral" in Peru (L.A. Times, 27 April 2001).
As in Peru, Maltese excavations have yielded three classes of skull anomalies:
1. The highly pronounced elongation; i.e., an "above all, strange, lengthened skull, bigger and more peculiar than the others, lacking of the median knitting,"8 or suture, linking bones in the roof of the skull.
2. Skulls which were more "natural" appearing. Yet, "still presented pronounced, natural dolichocephalous" shapes "distinctive of an actual race."9 And
From Museo Regional De Ankash. Huaraz, Peru.
3.A significant proportion of "7,000 skeletons dug out of the Hal Saflieni Hypogeum" (subterranean tomb-cellar), exhibiting "artificially performed deformities."10

If "an actual race" can be established in Malta - what was the compelling incentive for non-longhead races to mimic true Maltese longheads? Are the role-models in Peru and Malta the same?
Maltese Dolichorace Possible
The reading of books about the Maltese discoveries inspired A. Forgione in his research. The authors are Maltese doctors named Dr. Anton Mifsud and Dr. Charles Savona Ventura. Forgione went to Malta, and these doctors helped him confirm details of Maltese dolichocephaly. Also, Forgione names two "Maltese archeologists" who affirmed racial implications to him. Archeologists Mark Anthony Mifsud and Anthony Buonanno say, "They are another race although C-14 or DNA exams haven't yet been performed."
Mark Anthony Mifsud is reportedly a museum archeologist at the Maltese Archeological Museum of the Valletta. This is where Maltese dolicho-skulls were housed. Forgione reports that in 1985, this museum removed the remarkable specimens from public display?
The approximately dated origin for Maltese skulls is c. 2500 B.C. And, religio-cultural history of Malta is generally accepted among scholars. So, a reasonably estimated age can be deduced for these skulls. This dating era is at least just prior to the occupation of Malta by Phoenicians.
The Maltese skulls were mostly found interred in temple-tombs of goddess worship. The in-house proximity between temples and skulls, circumstantially implies direct links between sacred mystery cults and this possible dolicho-head race. These Mother Goddess temples "were built by villagers living in a genuinely Neolithic (late Stone Age) cultural stage."11 Maltese temples and tombs were megalithic, and this is evidence they "were in part inspired from the centers of civilization," off the islands.12
Thus, we have another developmental correlation: a relationship between a possible elite dolichocephalous race, and megalithic building skills, during an earliest historical epoch. And - of course it's no coincidence that Malta is nearby the heartland of the oldest, most mega-lithic of all stone work, Baalbek; and is also near to the Edenic Genesis point of the oldest civilizations - Sumer/Akkad (Iraq).
The question is, do we find proto-historic dolicho-head peoples in Iraq? Yes, we do!
The Heartland Skulls
Six kilometers east of Mosul, in northern Iraq is the ancient site of Tell Arpachiyah. In 1933, Max Mallowan excavated numerous graves of two neolithic cultures: the Halaf and al'Ubaid. "These date from approximately 4600 B.C. and 4300 B.C., respectively."13 Coincidentally, A. Forgione quotes the megalithic goddess culture epoch of Maltese skulls at 4100 B.C. - 2500 B.C.
Evaluations published on Mallowan's excavations report discovery of skulls having a "marked degree of deliberate, artificial deformation." The resulting cranial effects were to create "an elongated skull."14 No coincidence here!
If there is one revelation I've found re. the preeminent cultural pattern of anomalous human head-formation - it is that none of this is at all new. Even to the extent of finding scientific correlations between iconographic images of dolicho-heads on both pottery, and "serpentine" goddess figurines. Current revisionists emphasize this correlation, but they did not originate it. Adriano Forgione's working hypothesis contends meaning of head-binding via serpent symbolism of goddess cult priestess/priest emulation. Likewise, in the monograph cited here,15 a similar proposition is made, "... that skull deformation was being used to demarcate a particular elite group, either social or functional." The elite group being a priestly caste.
Mellowan's assessment also says, "A high frequency of genetically determined (skull) traits raises the possibility that the (skulls) represent the remains of an inbred group." Although, there is no supposition re. skull elongation being anything other than artificial. So, this is why revisionism should push-the-envelope of inadequate paradigms of thought and history, with broader realms of possibility.
In the monograph on Mallowan's recoveries,16 it remarks, "Skull deformation at Arpachiyah appears, on current (1995) knowledge, striking ... Skull deformation seems to occur with regularity at other sites of this general period over a very wide area."17 In fact, this report acknowledges elongated "deformation" of the head as "widely practiced in the eastern Mediterranean region"! Specimens of the anomaly have been "recovered from Jericho, Chalcolithic Byblos, Ganj Dareh, and Ali Kesh." Indeed, it was so "widely practiced" that it was an aged tradition in the three oldest or most architecturally advanced centers of early civilization: Mesopotamia, Peru and Mesoamerica!?
Given that the phenomenon is "widely practiced," in the Peruvian region also - perhaps the actual anomaly is that it's not an anomaly! Even greater antiquity has been assigned to dolicho-anomalies at Neolithic-Cyprus, Kow Swamp, Australia (13,000 B.P.), "and perhaps 18000-23000 B.P. at Chou Kou Tien, China."18
The Halaf and Ubaid peoples occupied Arpachiyah successively. The Halaf period was c. "5200 B.C. to 4500 B.C."; the Ubaid period c. "4400 B.C. - 4200 B.C." To this degree, Mallowan's excavations "were almost exclusively prehistoric." The Halaf people most prominently influenced the northern Euphrates Valley; the al'Ubaid were "who first settled the Euphrates delta lands," far to the south. From these two was conceived the epoch of Sumer, and the earliest advanced forms of civilized achievements.
All this is a backdrop of origination in which to perceive formative roles played out by longhead peoples? In "the eleventh chapter of Genesis ... the significant feature is the tradition which thus ascribed to the Euphrates Valley the distinction of once harboring all mankind in addition to being a cradle of the human race."19 A still raging conjecture re. the "cradle" of humanity is not a point of departure - it's the issue of globally archaic dolichocephaly, in racial and artificial forms, in a nutshell. I.e., by tracing evidence back to prehistoric times - how could the global patterns, or traditions, of headbinding practice become as inter-culturally diffused as they are? Is it because a racial role model - or archetype - was simultaneously pre-existent in all parts of the world where the cranial-mimetics became traditions? Is it also suggestive of a contradiction to evolutionary principles of physiologically adaptive mutation for survival of the species? Appreciation of this question is obvious upon seeing how irregular a case of anomalous dolichocephaly is when viewed; how much of a handicap such a head would present the individual born with it.
After close analysis of the dolicho-skulls found at Arpachiyah, a plausible genetic relationship was determined. This genetic evidence is not as provocative as racial conclusions drawn in Peru; nor the professional hypothesis of a racial presence in Malta. Yet, in its own way, genetic possibilities at Arpachiyah may be just as important overall. Here, "the practice has considerable potential for elitism."20
First, the recoveries of "deformed" dolicho-head specimens tend to be female throughout the Euphrates Valley region and neighboring lands. But, "At Arpachiyah it involves females and males of an apparently inbred lineage that spans the Halaf-Ubaid," both.21 The evidence for this overlapping inbred relationship, between the two peoples, is a congenital dental pattern. I.e., hypodontia: "The congenital absence of third molars," plus "particularly small (reduced) incisors or pre-molars."22
Figurines from Ur, c. 3200 BC.
Realizing that the historical record in the art of Sumerian Ur, illustrates the general labouring public bearing burdens on their heads - having an intentionally deformed cone-head condition would be a counterproductive handicap.
Cosmetically, heads so shaped would secure a signifying look, symbolic of role distinctions and (elite) class. The Malta case corresponds with this perspective. Temple-tomb recoveries in Malta are an ideal setting for emphasizing the inductive logic of such longhead symbolism. A cult-authority-meaning, ascribed to artificial dolichocephaly by practitioners, would seem existentially vital, only by being symbolic per s?. Also, comparing drawings/photos of Mallowan's Halaf/Ubaid skulls, with, drawings/engravings of Von Tschudi's Aymaraes skulls - the two sets appear to possess contours of relationship(?). And the Aymaraes were sacerdotally ordained successors to the first Inka, as the Inka aristocracy. The correlations are many.
The evidence for tribal inbreeding at Arpachiyah, thus suggests the "skulls represent members of a hereditary group or class - priests ... or princes might be considered."23 The possibly votive figurines with elongated-serpentine heads, found in graves of this period, may also symbolize goddess-cult based motivations for headbinding.
At this point in the discussion, cross-cultural facts are mutually self-referential. Imagistic reinforcement of the recognition, that actual peoples with elongated or pointed heads were a reality, for a few thousand years, is clear. The effect is a perceptual shift in historical awareness. This sheds a whole new light on arts of this period. It mitigates against the anthropological habit of labeling unrecognizable imagery as mythic. And it would, otherwise, be a misplaced coincidence how consistently a heightened awareness of dolichocephalic imagery applies to both Old and New World culture styles; as noted above re. Mayan art.
In the case of Sumerian/Akkadian/Babylonian art history, the illustrated figures with dissimilar heads assume greater contrast. Especially noticeable are Sumerian statuary and relief carvings. Because Sumerians themselves clearly rendered themselves as diminutive, with very round heads. Yet, certain memorialized figures of prominence consistently wear pointed or conical-erect headgear. While in pottery and figurines there are clearly cone-headed images.
The Egyptian Paradox
Correlating dolicho-art from various ancient cultures literally "comes to a head" when we lastly address the Egyptian record. If arts are the media-of-record, re. iconic/archetypal dolicho-head symbology - nowhere is the anomalously dolichocephalous image so literally and mystifyingly controversial as it was in Egypitan art history!
Queen Tety-shery, Mother of King Seqenen-ra,17th Dynasty, Egypt.

The above culture-sets of facts culminate in a paradox of sorts, with Egyptian data. In terms of quantity and quality - the best skeletal evidence for an anomalously dolicho-headed race are skulls found in Peru; the best art rendering of same (e.g., sculpture) is from the Amarna Age of Egypt!? Even if Egypt's contribution is but artificially symbolic, toward rendering a global pattern of dolichocephalous anomaly, in cultural development - the degree of artifice is revolutionary.
Previously, two revisionist authors have made good hypothetical cases for a possible dolicho-racial presence in ancient Egypt. The two authors are Adriano Forgione (quoted above), and Andrew Collins.24 Both researchers primarily base their theses on the professional archeology of Walter Emery. Emery did original grave excavations of predynastic/early dynastic Upper Egypt, c. 3500-3100 B.C.
Collins and Forgione both quote a salient passage from Emery's book Archaic Egypt. They interpret Emery as qualifying a possible dolichocephalous foreign race influencing Egyptian development. The problem is - Emery does not actually define his anomalous or alien skeletal discoveries in terms required here. What Emery records is his perception of a non-native race; a race "whose skulls were of a greater size and whose bodies were larger than those of the natives."25
Walter Emery's eminent candor is invaluable for understanding racial diversity in Egyptian development. Yet, current revisionist views - as Dr. G. Elliot Smith put it - may "have been led into error by the imperfections in their knowledge of the contents of Predynastic graves."26 The "contents" Smith refers to are what he terms "Proto-Egyptian." Smith and Emery both agreed that clearly non-native peoples fused with native Egyptians in the formative period. The two men drew different views, however. And neither of them reported definitively anomalous dolicho-headed Egyptians - racial or artificial - as reported in Peru or Malta, etc.
G. Elliot Smith was an anatomist doctor, who authored the book The Ancient Egyptians (1923). Smith's "information concerning these earliest inhabitants of the Nile Valley has been acquired from the study of the contents of many thousands of graves." He performed his study between 1901-108, mostly under direction of Dr. G.A. Reisner. Smith focused on the period 2800-1500 B.C. Though Smith said his study at Naga-ed-der was an "extraordinary" resource of skeletons "for the reconstruction of the racial history of one spot during more than 45 centuries."
The bottom line in Smith's clinical second opinion, is that Egyptian cranial variation derives from integrated indigenous heterogeneity of "affiliated peoples." He admits, it's "puzzling" to confront an obvious "paradoxical" picture that bones present. And Smith reports of equivalent evidence, as Emery found later: of "remains examined in Upper Egypt ... a few ... I definitely labeled "alien" ... and a considerable number in which the head was bigger ... broader, the features finer and the skeletons generally more robust."27
Dr. Smith defines the "alien traits" with osteopathic detail; as Dr. Von Tschudi does in Peru. Smith notes, "cranial form is one of far reaching importance." But he concludes, the "aliens who began to make their way into the Delta from Palestine and Syria about fifty centuries ago all conform to the same racial type, known as ... Armenoid"; not Mediterranean, but from Asia Minor.
After "nine years experience in the Anatomical Department of the School of Medicine in Cairo (Smith had) ... no doubt" the proto-Egyptian was of what he named the "Brown Race"; a non-Negro, non-Semitic race who integrated with these two.
Contrasting Walter Emery, Smith does say, "The people of Upper Egypt were still dolichocephalic at the time of the earliest pyramid-builders; but the inhabitants of Lower Egypt had become mesaticephalic," i.e., skulls moderately broadened/shortened. Here, Smith uses "dolichochephalic" in the most general/osteopathic manner - not to confuse Smith's meaning with Dr. Von Tschudi's connotation, for instance.
The possibility of applying Smith's dolicho-"Proto-Egyptian" (c. 3400 B.C.) as an inductive clarifier for explaining the following cultural anomaly, I leave to the reader ...
Here, the Egyptian evidence for cross-cultural continuity, re. an anomalously-dolichocephalic race, becomes even more paradoxical. Because, it manifests in art - not mummies. I refer here to the classically dolicho-anomalous sculptures of Pharaoh Akhenaten, his family, and others.
Akhenaten (1378 B.C.) is a major revolutionary figure in both ancient religio-history and art history. I culminate the foregoing pattern of racial/cultural evidence with Akhenaten's imagistic legacy.
One of Akhenaten's daughters.

Akhenaten, and especially his daughters, were memorialized in sculpted-stone as being inexplicably or anomalously dolichocephalous. Ironically, a revolution in Egyptian art, towards more adept realism, was decreed/inspired by Akhenaten. Thus, there was a controversy about the reasoning in how he and his family are portrayed: given the topical evidence here - the Amarna stone portraits are too good to be true. Because if the goal of Akhenaten's art policy was greater realism - Egyptologists can't reconcile the peculiar way they were sculpted. As described in The Amarna Age by Rev. James Baikie, "The heads are... of Akhenaten... (and) statuettes of Queen Nefertiti, of extraordinary realism... the princesses, of astonishing charm ... the art of the Armana Ag ... unfortunately ... the whole school ... has been prejudiced by one unlucky peculiarity ... due to Akhenaten's exaggeration... It would seem that among the features of his abnormality were an unusual development of the cranium... Professor Elliot Smith has suggested that these abnormal features are... of ... disease ..."28Such were the Egyptological views in the years prior to our opportunity now, for revising provincial biases with appreciation of interconnected global findings, both old and new.
I would agree that lacking skeletal insights availed from Peru and Mesoamerica, the portraitures of Akhenaten, et al., would be reasonably inexplicable.
However, the global variety of culturo-skeletal evidence does exist. It affords a sea-change in identifying the plausible logic Akhenaten was genetically related to elite lineages of non-linear/cultural co-creators. A non-linear lineage is meant in the sense that traditional accounts about various pre-dynastic culture phases, identify non-native figures who were like mentors for what was developed. Further, I mean to define the elite dolicho-racial co-creators as subordinates; not originators of prerequisite civilizing knowledge, but ordained managers. The resource base for future developments in our proto-historical past, was the same as the future world economic basis of today: "A knowledge based economic structure." The people possessing the "knowledge" were the traditional figures known as Wira Kocha, Quetzalcoatl, Yahweh (Elohim), Kukulcan, Osiris, Sargon of Agade, et al. From these creators came the archetypal arcana of the previous cycle. And in their hands manifest an ultimate art form - not diversities of arts and styles comprising cultures - but, entire panoramas of cultural permutation, where a civilized-culture and its inhabitants, itself, is the art form! And it is this perspective, logically explaining why, in all the most highly evolved archaic civilizations, forms of the pyramid are outstanding landmarks of continuity.
The rational minds of modern historical analysis expect archaic developments to be logically linear, from simple to complex. But, traditional accounts of archaic origins contradict this linear presumption. Thus, data which doesn't fit the preconception is classified Myth.
The Reality Of Akhenaten's Realism
In summing up the in-depth pattern of evidence cited above, an obvious detail is conspicuously absent: academic authorities have enigmatically failed to recognize the pattern in their own data. In turn, Pharaoh Akhenaten's historical irony here begs the absent question. Explain why this apparently "self-centered egoist"29 pharaoh chose memorializing his "ungainly and malformed"30 image as - of all things - anomalously dolichocephalic? The pattern of facts re Akhenaten is a set of scholarly documented facts - not revisionist facts ...
A precept basic to Egyptian dynastic history is that, as a ruler, "Akhenaten was himself a god, as his forefathers had been."31 Thus, Akhenaten's conscious immortalization of his station, "High Priest of R?," with emphatically sculpted head "deformity" should color how he was symbolizing his lineage and image of authority. His logical purpose also, at least, paid lip service to ma'at - a principle of "truth and justice," indispensable for canonizing his historical moment. But, the truth or reality of Akhenaten's sculpted realism should not nowadays be limited, as it is, to theories re however hollow were his moral intentions. Such theories exclude potential insights availed by the global pattern of facts, amassed by archeologists, and itemized here.
The cross-cultural or skeletal/cultural evidence - now - demands an alternative worldview perspective: i.e., the issue of Akhenaten's sculpted-realism is not a question of what is truthful or deceitful. The question is, what is memory and what time is it, in which Akhenaten insisted upon being remembered as anomalously coneheaded; not to mention his family?
Egyptologists accept Akhenaten as being actually "deformed," by disease or genetics. Yet, his case is crucial to our perspective here, regardless of whether his deformity was anomalously natural or artificial. Also, Akhenaten's mummy has apparently never been recovered for verification. So, if perhaps he was not dolichocephalous at all, his image would be even more symbolic.
It would be surely fortuitous to physically confirm Akhenaten was as his portraiture exhibits. However, given the significance of cited cross-civilizational anthropological correlations - Akhenaten's stone images sufficiently keep a memory alive. That headbinding traditions of artificial dolichocephaly were rooted in archaic meaning. This tradition was globally longstanding prior to Akhenaten's life. Thus, his decree to render his memorial in this manner reminds the viewer of headbinding history, its symbology and possible racial connectedness. Today, Akhenaten's exaggerated image is the memory that headbinding existed before and long after his reign. Cultural-continuity of this tradition in America proves this. Our reported plethora of historic correlations, make the symbolic agency of Akhenaten and his family a quite unlikely coincidence in art. And deducting a symbolic value for the headbinding tradition may be oddly facilitated by Akhenaten's own sacerdotal exclamation point, placed upon a logical racial model for headbinding. As pharaoh, Akhenaten was a revolutionary High Priest of R?. His heresy may very well have been in conflict of interest between his revived priestly race, and the dynastic race theorized by Egyptologists.

In each case of discovery cited above, the role of a priestly-class figures in the set of correlations. Adriano Forgione, cited above, presents one of the most direct associations between evidence for racially distinct dolicho-skulls and Maltese temples. Forgione's hypothesis re Akhenaten is that the pharaoh-priest's religious reformations were "aimed to restore an ancient order" of theocratic guidance. The Maltese case for dolicho-priest influence seems to have died out centuries before. Such a scenario does lend greater logic to Akhenaten's sacerdotal reforms and imagistic legacy. And yet, dolicho-racial evidence consistently points to a priestly-order heritage, not a dynastic race per se.

Pharaoh Sneferu Bas-relief, Peruvian Dolicho-head Mockups, and Assyrian Bas-relief.

Intelligent Capability vs. Applied Wisdom
[/font]Here, we digress, to establish the logic that priestly-classes became surrogates for "gods," whom cultural traditions credit giving the gifts of civilizing wisdom to archaic peoples.
Among Egyptologists, evidence for a dynastic race in Egypt is well known. Dr. G. Elliot Smith, cited above, devotes his entire book, The Ancient Egyptians, toward refuting the view a foreign foreign dynastic race inspired Egyptian developments; that was in 1923. Since then, Mesopotamian discoveries have conclusively antedated Egypt in "cradling" first civil achievements: writing, schools, bicameral congress, social reforms, law codes, etc. Thus, some sort of cultural diffusion of influence is more than plausible - yet, perhaps not on a scale which dynastic race is defined by Egyptologists.
For those not familiar with the "dynastic race" thesis, I quote a colleague of Dr. G. Elliot Smith. D.E. Derry wrote in The Journal of Egyptian Archeology (1956), a survey of skeletal remains. Derry said, skulls "... (of) Predynastic people ... under no circumstances could we consider them to be the same race," as the clearly larger headed bodies also found buried in Egypt. Derry continues, "It is also very suggestive of the presence of a dominant race, perhaps relatively few in numbers but greatly exceeding the original inhabitants in intelligence; a race which brought into Egypt the knowledge of building in stone, of sculpture, painting, reliefs, and above all writing; hence the enormous jump from the primitive predynastic Egyptian to the advanced civilization of the Old Empire.
Notice, Derry did not say "the advanced civilization" culminated, after a few thousand years of advancement, in the New Kingdom or even Middle Kingdom - but "Old Empire" (kingdom). In terms of megalithic architecture, the "Old Empire" was more advanced - in orders of magnitude - than the rest of Egyptian history(?). A paradox!
Leaving aside all judgmental biases re "race" and "intelligence" - from Derry's quote, a passage is salient to our revisionism here: "A dominant race, perhaps relatively few in numbers but greatly exceeding ... in intelligence." However, the issue of intelligence would be more comprehensively precise, when substituted with learned application of wisdom. Derry's survey deduced a practical correlation between people with larger skulls/brains and presumably higher intelligence. This could very well be - but simply the issue of intelligence is not sufficient for explaining how a nearly archaic capability, by "original inhabitants" of early dynastic times, applied themselves in realizing certain early achievements. "Intelligence" is simply a potential or capability.
Meanwhile, within a period of only about 210 years, Egyptians built the most enduring, monumental megalithic and fully realized true pyramids, culminating in the Great Pyramid c. 2480 B.C.!? Where did the template of experience in execution of concept and social organization for this learning curve come from? Where did the masonic wisdom of workmanship perform its apprenticeship? As Dr. Ahmed Fakhry put it in his book The Pyramids: Wondering how the Great Pyramid was built, "Even equipped with modern tools and instruments, and profiting from nearly five thousand years of experience, architects and engineers today might well quail if called upon to erect a duplicate"(!) Yet, early dynastic Egyptians - recently having left archaic primitivism - simultaneously embarked on a sort of systems theory approach to learning the organizational and technical skills, while applying them, with artful precision. This, of course, makes no evolutionary sense, as inferred by Dr. Fakhry's challenge. And for skeptics who deny some sort of outside source of knowledge influence in Egypt - absence of evidence, is not evidence of absence!
The answer lies in common sense: "The fund of technical knowledge" for these megalithic pursuits was based on wise and ordered preconception. Planning is logically rooted in what the capabilities are; in this case, holistic, systematic wisdom of experience and pre-existent know-how. And through the agency of a perceived "god," a dynastic race ordained by the "god," or other, thus originated developments in Egypt; as they originated in other proto-civilizational centers under identical circumstances.
An understatement of scholarly authority in this regard, by archeologist Dr. I.E.S. Edwards, illustrates how the principle here has been perceived by academics. Commenting on an earliest pyramid complex enigma, Pharaoh Djoser's Step Pyramid, Edwards disclaims: "Doubts have sometimes been entertained whether so high a degree of architectural perfection could have been achieved without having been preceded by a long process of development. There is, however, no evidence that stone had been employed in an earlier building ... Moreover, the Step Pyramid (Third Dynasty) displays many features which suggest that its builders lacked experience in the use of stone." If the Step Pyramid is a sort of prototype complex beginning what is called The Pyramid Age - prototypical flaws or shortcuts would be expected. The hands-on labor of actually piecing the complex together was done by the early dynastic natives, in transition from archaic unsophistication. Flaws notwithstanding - the point of revisionism regards a knowledge-base which the Paleolithic, Neolithic, Archaic/Predynastic epochs did not prepare natives to possess. This knowledge-base of expertise is the "efficient process indicative of careful planning, centralized decision-making, and mobilization of a large labor force."32 And such were the same prerequisite organizational structures in place when the oldest New World civilization of Caral was built by archaic Peruvians. Caral was an irrigation-based society featuring a large multi-pyramidal mound complex. It was built coincidental with the early phase of the Egyptian Pyramid Age, c. 2627 B.C.!
Returning to the thesis of D.E. Derry - he proposes the influence of "... a ... race, perhaps relatively few in numbers ..." Taking Derry's deduction further, our revisionism concludes that these "few in numbers" were knowledge bearers, not an invading horde of master masons. Thus, the building shortcuts I.E.S. Edwards reports in the Step Pyramid can be fairly indicative of a learning curve: i.e., the technique in building, plans of which a knowledge-race logically instilled in actual laborers. This plausibility would reconcile the views of Derry and Edwards. Since - of this "remarkable" Step Pyramid edifice by the ancient Egyptians - Edwards implies a paradox by affirming "No other known pyramid was surrounded with such an array of imposing buildings."33
Some researchers contend the Old Kingdom was not a beginning. Rather, it was a culmination of thousands of years of prehistoric civilizing. In this case, Edwards confirms the archaic people had accrued little mastery of masonic skill - cultural developments yes, but not a systems-set of megalithic building industry skills. Then, a quantum leap in wisdom and capability appeared ...
Myth Is Memory; Myth Is History
Simply taking for granted implicit levels of social organization required in megalithic construction is inadequate. And presuming a sudden leap in intelligence or know-how, by "primitives" in such ancient times is, simplistic. Especially in Egypt, capabilities which Egyptians had were paradoxically combined with a perfected wisdom of planning. Somehow the route to Egyptian perfection provided this evolutionarily elusive shortcut.
In choices and technique, the greatest Egyptian achievements came at the earliest dynastic period. Coincidentally, Egyptian traditions recount how this was realized. However, the prerequisite for presently appreciating Egyptian traditions is to de-mythologize them.
Archeologist T.C. Lethbridge, formerly of the Cambridge Archeology Museum, suggested an alternative perception of mythologized traditions. Lethbridge concluded that the traditional enigma of instructional "gods," is that the traditions are histories. Myths were historical memories of possible relationships, which tradition holders were at a loss to totally comprehend. An example is the account of Ptah, one of Egypt's greatest "gods." Ptah was a creator of things. In the Pyramid Text of Teta, Ptah is the owner of a "workshop," he was a great worker in metals, a master architect. Egyptologists consider Ptah mythological. Yet, it is Ptah to whom Egyptians credit giving them their cultural knowledge(?). What is interesting, is that the early Egyptians created the greatest of all megalithic wonders of the world - the Great Pyramid - and never, in all Egyptian texts do they take credit for it? What they do is defer to an archetype/role model for having given them basic knowledge.

Ptah was one of a certain group of beings called the Seven Wise Ones. These bearers of knowledge presided over bringing learning and letters to the predynastic archaic people. Another example of Egyptians deferring the potential of their own capabilities involves Osiris. As Lewis Spence described this principle of learned "outsourcing" - from his book The Myths of Ancient Egypt: "So ... good ... and so pleasant were his methods of instilling knowledge into the minds of the barbarians, that they worshipped the very ground whereon he trod." Common sense should tell us that any people who can realize the greatest civil engineering projects on a grand scale, and in an ancient age with no machines or electricity - such people are certainly intelligent enough to preserve memories of their own history in terms which they do have capacities to comprehend. The myth is actually their history: Seven wise and learned people remarkably impressed natives at a pre-literate stage of development. Out of this globally duplicated relationship was co-created the artforms-of-civilized Egypt; civilized Peru; civilized Sumer; civilized Tiahuanaco, etc.

This is a fine-tuning of what D.E. Derry is quoted saying above. He perceived a likely connection between skulls of a larger headed race and, thus, knowledge and capability "greatly exceeding the original" proto-dynastic Egyptians. For Derry, the logic of this equation seemed scientifically more rational than the myth: "instilling knowledge into the minds" of un-learned peoples, attributed to a mythic allegory. However, the global pattern of traditional histories are consistent. Archaic cultural accounts of non-native knowledge sources demand revisionist considerations. This New and Old-world constant, among emergent civilizations, and rooted in an actual non-native involvement, has a parallel. Mythologist Joseph Campbell discerned this - that cultures worldwide possessed origination knowledge essentially the same, including a biblical-type flood. And this tradition of knowledge-outsourcing would logically apply to the mystery-rites for merging science with theology, by the Egyptian priestly-class, in their theological colleges ...
At this point we return to interconnected correlations linking sacerdotal knowledge with a distinct race: The Dolichocephaloids. But, first one more point about historical reckoning.
Censorship By Omission and the Double-Bind
Throughout the formative era of modern archeology, the "science" of excavation recovered invaluable historical insights. The facts, however, cannot impart their service of enlightenment, when politically acceptable artifacts become marketable commodities for the politicized worldviews affecting research funding. This has happened! Numerous published books document the wealth of anomalous artifacts compiled for decades. But these out-of-place artifacts a
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« Reply #3 on: April 24, 2005, 01:57:22 PM »

These articles explain about the archeological remains of the Aryan race. But the true importance of the Aryans is at the Spiritual and Political level. Norman Lowell's excelent article Fabulae Melitae explains and expands on these topics.
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« Reply #4 on: September 02, 2011, 08:25:03 AM »

Posting here because I'm not sure where to post.

This week's episode of Ancient Aliens was about "Aliens and Ancient Engineers" the last ~8 minutes are dedicated to our temples.

Season 03 episode 06 "Aliens and Ancient Engineers".

Find a way to watch it, naturally those interested in what other information is out there.
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« Reply #5 on: September 02, 2011, 10:54:02 AM »

If ancient aliens and engineers is a mere matter of "Believe it or not", then we might as well apply the same judgement to 9/11, life after death, the existence of Jesus, the supposed miracles of Lourdes and Fatima (another UFO phenomenon,BTW), the suicide of Adolf Hitler, the death of Elvis Presley, and that the reflection you see in a mirror is your own face.
In all cases the evidence is there, but the doubts remain.
How f######g stupid can we get? That`s also a matter of belief.
Anyway, this post belongs to the UFO UFO material there please.
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There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, Than are dreamt of in your philosophy
 Shakespeare.Hamlet. Act 1 Scene5.
 When you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable,
must be the truth.
 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

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« Reply #6 on: September 02, 2011, 11:06:30 AM »

Quote from: cosmicwonderer
If ancient aliens and engineers is a mere matter of "Believe it or not", then we might as well apply the same judgement to 9/11, life after death, the existence of Jesus, the supposed miracles of Lourdes and Fatima (another UFO phenomenon,BTW), the suicide of Adolf Hitler, the death of Elvis Presley, and that the reflection you see in a mirror is your own face.
In all cases the evidence is there, but the doubts remain.
How f######g stupid can we get? That`s also a matter of belief.
Anyway, this post belongs to the UFO UFO material there please.

I tried Cosmic, but when I searched for an alien/Ufo thread, the result I got was "UFO`s, ALIENS, and the NWO AGENDA. Non-fiction disguised as fiction."

I try to keep an open mind and although some subjects discussed within the series may be seen as far fetched by some. My beliefs or better my search for our origins prohibits me of posting in a thread where it will be perceived as Fiction.
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« Reply #7 on: September 02, 2011, 11:24:08 AM »

Quote from: etoile noir
never mind.

i'll find the thread and post it.

thanks flatline, at least you try ;)

cosmic, flatline is a great help around here.  practically all bad posts are reported by him.  he's ok.  known and all -thumbup-

Flatline, my reply was not meant to make you feel dumb, and it was not even aimed at you. Sorry if you took it that way, in  fact I regard you as one of the most prominent and intelligent members of VM.. I was trying to stress the point that UFO are not fiction, but the cause of all earthly problems, enigmas and dilemmas. So, the thread is called :- UFO`s NON-FICTION disguised as fiction.

Enjoy your time on planet Earth, you`re in good company, my friend.
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There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, Than are dreamt of in your philosophy
 Shakespeare.Hamlet. Act 1 Scene5.
 When you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable,
must be the truth.
 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

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« Reply #8 on: September 02, 2011, 11:28:49 AM »

Quote from: cosmicwonderer
Flatline, my reply was not meant to make you feel dumb, and it was not even aimed at you. Sorry if you took it that way, in  fact I regard you as one of the most prominent and intelligent members of VM.. I was trying to stress the point that UFO are not fiction, but the cause of all earthly problems, enigmas and dilemmas. So, the thread is called :- UFO`s NON-FICTION disguised as fiction.

Enjoy your time on planet Earth, you`re in good company, my friend.

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« Reply #9 on: September 02, 2011, 04:01:55 PM »

This week's episode of Ancient Aliens was about "Aliens and Ancient Engineers" the last ~8 minutes are dedicated to our temples.

Awesome. Thanks Flatline for telling us.
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